Natural gas plays an important role in our community. Find out more about gas, including where it comes from, how it is formed and how it gets from the sub-surface to your home.
Natural Gas – Naturally Occurring
- Natural gas is a type of fossil fuel. It’s often called ‘natural gas’ because it’s a naturally occurring hydrocarbon. It’s colourless and consists mainly of methane.
- Natural gas is found in several different types of rocks, including sandstone, coal seams and shales.
- Natural gas is formed by the breakdown of organic matter over hundreds of thousands of years as it becomes trapped in rock formations.
Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon molecule – it is made up of one carbon molecule surrounded by four hydrogen molecules (CH4). When it combusts with oxygen, it produces heat, water and carbon dioxide. It is therefore the cleanest of all fossil fuels.
All around the world, we use natural gas every day to power our lives. From turning on the lights to cooking dinner on a gas stove, natural gas is an important resource in maintaining our quality of life.